Hover Fly and you can Bee Fly Varieties Variety
Bee Varieties Variety
Away from 2009 so you can 2018, 192 bee types (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila) had been trapped during the Calanques Federal Park through each other online and you can pan trap stuff. It belonged so you’re able to half a dozen families and you may 38 genera. Megachilidae try the absolute most species-rich family unit members, accompanied by Apidae and you can Halictidae, with 53, 49, and you will 43 kinds, correspondingly. Andrena Fabricius, 1775 is brand new richest genus, that have 33 types, whereas 7 genera have been depicted by the just one types (Stelis Panzer, 1806; Protosmia Ducke, 1900; Pseudoanthidium Friese, 1898; Coelioxys Latreille, 1809; Chelostoma Latreille, 1809; Anthidiellum Cockerell, 1904; Amegilla Friese, 1897; Panurgus Panzer, 1806; Supp Dining table step 1 [on line merely] ). Utilizing the jackknife 1 and you will 2 spiders, the complete bee kinds richness is estimated become anywhere between ± 9.89 and you will ± . Brand new noticed richness ergo depicted 71.3 so you can 79.6% of your hongkongcupid own estimated bee fullness ( Dining table dos). The fresh Chao1 method projected the fresh new observed richness become 76.8% of prospective restriction richness ( Dining table 2). More abundant variety was Apis mellifera L. (276 anybody), with Rhodanthidium septemdentatum (Latreille, 1809), Rh. sticticum (Fabricius, 1787) (174 and you will 168 someone, respectively), and you may Lasioglossum transitorium (Shenck, 1868) (113 somebody). In the end, fifty variety (26%) had been depicted because of the only 1 private (singletons).
Environment Characteristics off Bees
Regarding the environmental traits off nesting needs, i understood 59 unmarried bee types nesting over floor, 92 solitary bee kinds nesting underground and you can 23 cleptoparasitic variety, add up to 30.7, 47.9, and you may 12.0% of your own total bee species richness, respectively. We detected four public types (bumble bees and you will honey bees-2.1%). Ultimately, brand new nesting choices off fourteen types will still be unfamiliar (eight.3%- Supp Dining table step one [online merely] ). Concerning your floral eating plan away from bee kinds, we learned that 105 variety (54.7%) foraged on an array of bush variety (we.elizabeth., generalist variety, polylectic) and you will 51 varieties (26.5%) foraged on one plant household members or you to/few plant varieties (we.elizabeth., pro types, oligolectic). For the remaining thirty six bee variety (18.8%), the latest flowery diet was not understood (elizabeth.grams., to have cleptoparasitic varieties). However, most generalist kinds showed a preference for 1 otherwise a number of bush families ( Supp Desk 1 [on the web only] ). To your forty-two singletons, 14 bee variety (28%) were professionals, and you will 9 bee variety (18%) was indeed cleptoparasitic ( Supp Dining table 1 [on the web only] ).
An IUCN condition try designed for 178 types (excluding the fresh new kinds buildings and you will as yet not known types). Among those, 47 variety was in fact classified due to the fact investigation deficient (DD-26.4%), 124 variety was in fact minimum alarmed (LC-69.6%), six kinds was indeed near threatened (NT-3.4%; Andrena ovatula (Kirby, 1802), Colletes albomaculatus (Lucas, 1849), Dasypoda argentata Panzer, 1809, Halictus quadricinctus (Fabricius, 1776), Lasioglossum prasinum (Smith, 1848), and you can L. pygmaeum (Schenck, 1853)), and one types was noticed endangered (EN-0.6%; L. soror (Saunders, 1901)- Supp Table step one [online merely] ). Around three oligolectic kinds was in fact among the many seven endangered bee variety. An excellent. ovatula and you will C. albomaculatus was specialists with the Fabaceae, D. argentata was a specialist towards the Caprifoliaceae.
Out of 2009 so you’re able to 2018, 38 types of hover flies (Diptera: Syrphidae) have been trapped within the Calanques National Playground. It belonged to twenty-four genera ( Supp Table 2 [online only] ). The absolute most abundant genera had been Paragus Latreille, 1804 (33 individuals), Meliscaeva Frey, 1946 (14 people), and Sphaerophoria Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau Audinet-Serville in Latreille, 1828 (thirteen some body), while 20 varieties (53%) were represented from the only one private ( Supp Dining table 2 [on line merely] ). Brand new bee flies (Diptera: Bombyliidae) was portrayed from the 20 variety, including five singletons (25%) ( Supp Table step three [online just] ). The fresh quote from full varieties fullness off hover flies and you can bee flies was anywhere between 83 and 97 variety utilizing the jackknife 1 and you will 2 spiders, correspondingly. Consequently, new seen richness represented 59.8–69.9% of one’s estimated hover fly and you may bee fly richness ( Desk dos).